Write a 700- to 900-word compare-and-contrast essay that focuses on differences (or similarities) in language use between Andrew Jackson’s message to Congress and Michael Rutledge’s account of his great-great grandfather.

The assignment is to compare and contrast the language in Andrew Jackson’s “On Indian Removal” speech to Congress and Michael Rutledge’s “Samuel’s Memory.”

Write a 700- to 900-word compare-and-contrast essay that focuses on differences (or similarities) in language use between Andrew Jackson’s message to Congress and Michael Rutledge’s account of his great-great grandfather.

Focus on tone, diction, sentence structure, and other topics covered in this lesson. Do not focus on the Trail of Tears, the Indian Removal Act, and other historical content except to help clarify something about the authors’ use of language.

Organize your essay with an introduction, body, and conclusion. In your introduction paragraph, state the overall purpose of your comparison. Devote each body paragraph to a single point of comparison, taking care to mention both readings within each paragraph. Finally, wrap up your essay in a conclusion paragraph that reminds the reader of what the differences and similarities in the language of the two readings reveal overall.



Write an essay that compares and contrasts the language use in Andrew Jackson’s address to Congress and “Samuel’s Memory” by Michael Rutledge. Diction, sentence structure, and other concepts from the lesson should be your primary focus. You are free to mention the Trail of Tears and other content in the readings, but it should not be your main focus.

Your essay must have a central purpose and be organized according to points of comparison that you choose, such as tone and diction. Each comparison and contrast that you make between the two readings should be backed up with evidence and should support your main purpose.

Your essay should include the following elements:

  • A stated purpose that sets out the scope of your essay
  • In each body paragraph, one point of comparison between Jackson’s speech and Rutledge’s account
  • An introduction paragraph, body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph
  • Examples and details from the readings that support your comparisons

Ask yourself these questions as you revise:

  • Do I state the purpose of my essay in the first paragraph? Do I stick with my purpose throughout the essay? Do my comparisons between the two readings support my purpose?
  • Does my introduction paragraph prepare the reader for my essay? Does it summarize my points of comparison?
  • Does each body paragraph discuss a different point of comparison? Do the body paragraphs give enough information from the readings so that my comparisons and contrasts make sense to the reader?
  • Does my conclusion paragraph reflect on the main points of my essay?
  • Do I stay focused on the major concepts from the lesson? Do I primarily explore the language use in the two lesson readings?



   Jackson’s “On Indian Removal” and Micheal Ruthledge’s “Samuel’s Memory” demonstrate how using connotation to your advantage, meticulously constructing phrases in a meaningful way, and writing in a specific tone persuades the audience in the way the writers intended. Both texts present two opposing viewpoints on the same historical event, the Indian Removal Act. The differences between the two pieces demonstrate different approaches to method and language in order to convey their respective points of view. They employ basic persuasion strategies to generate two diametrically opposed stories based on the same occurrence, resulting in two distinct publications.



  The varied usage of adjectives by Andrew Jackson and Micheal Ruthledge is a contrast. Many of the descriptive terms appear in Jackson’s speech, which he utilizes to highlight his point and what he’s attempting to communicate. By doing so, he is attempting to persuade the public that voting for the Indian Removal Act was the correct decision. Throughout the speech, he refers to Indigenous residents in derogatory terms in order to persuade the audience, who was made up of members of Congress, to agree with him. Rutledge, on the other hand, does not use as many adjectives as Jackson does, preferring to use them only when he feels they are required. As a result, his writing is as compelling as Jackson’s.



  An additional distinction between the two contents is the contrast of Ruthledge’s and Jackson’s sentence structures. Jackson’s sentences are extensive and appear to occur frequently, giving the impression that he is educated, allowing people to trust him and support him. Furthermore, they do not get straight to the point, instead of circling about the main goal, which was the removal of the Indigenous from their territory. Rutledge, on the other hand, employs short, direct phrases that go right to the point. This lends the author credibility by depicting his story as more plain and factual. Rutledge developed a unique structure in which he only used six words in every sentence. Ruthledge’s use of plain language and word choice makes the traumatic moments of Samuel’s journey appear more severe.



Despite the fact that both Andrew Jackson’s and Micheal Ruthledge’s records are based on the same event, the Indian Removal, they tell two quite different stories. Rutledge utilizes more harsh phrases with diction and negative connotation, whereas Jackson uses words with delicate diction and connotation. The two-sentence patterns demonstrate the two opposing viewpoints on the Indian Removal Act. While one was too complex in order to spread out the facts, the other was clear and to the point. The texts’ extreme two tones range widely from bitter and negative to safe and positive.




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